Vitamins for the fishes. Why buy them at all?
Now on almost any food packaging there is an inscription that there are in the composition vitamins. So they write not only on food packages for humans, but also on animal and fish feeds. So why buy vitamins additionally? Let's understand.
First is the composition. And if this is not a special food, then the composition in the product will be very incomplete.
Second, the vitamins very unstable substances and in the feed "live" is not long. For example, in dry flakes and granules, they disappear through 2-3 months after opening the package. And the light disappears almost instantly.
In the frozen feed there are none at all. And if you constantly feed fish, for example, frozen bloodworms, then without additional additives they will have a permanent vitamin deficiency.
Especially important vitamins for fry, in the first days of life. Without them, the growth time will greatly slow down, and the color will not gain full brightness.
And, vitamins very help to reduce the acclimatization time after buying and moving fish to a new aquarium. And during the treatment they will not be superfluous.
Vitamins. Basic types and their characteristics.
- Vitamin A - Vitamin, which is very important during the period of spawning and maturation of eggs. Stimulates the ability of fish, especially males, to fertilize. Without vitamin A, fish can generally become infertile.
- B vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B12) - participate in the cellular metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
- Vitamin C - enhances immunity, disease resistance and strengthens the skeleton.
- Vitamin D - It is very important in the formation of the skeletal frame in fish, especially at a young age. With a lack of calcium (vitamin D), various deformations and distortions are possible.
- Vitamin E - a lack or absence of this vitamin causes atrophy (weakening) of muscles in fish. They weaken and grow poorly.
Vitamins for fish. Which ones to choose?
There are two main types of vitamin preparations for fish, and they are divided according to the method of application. The first type is a concentrate and is used as an additive in feed and water. The second type, the so-called water conditioners. They are added directly to the water, based on the volume of the aquarium.
I advise you to choose drugs from the first group. They are concentrated and packaging is enough for a longer period. And if the fish suddenly, due to illness, refuses to take food, they can also be dissolved in water.
Concentrated vitamins Sera Fishtamin и JBL Atvitol. Comparison and choice.
For example, I will talk about two vitamin supplements from well-known manufacturers of fish feed and equipment for aquariums. I use them all the time and I am very pleased with it.
Sera Fishtamin. Description.
Sera Fishtamin - food supplement in the form of an emulsion, made on the basis of concentrates of various vitamins. It is mainly used during feeding, but can be used and dissolved in aquarium water.
JBL Atvitol. Description.
The composition of this vitamin supplement supplemented with essential trace elements and amino acids. Let's examine and compare the compositions in more detail.
Sera Fishtamin и JBL Atvitol. Comparison
Package volume: 15 ml
Average price: 5-6 €
- Vitamin A - 545 000 IU
- Vitamin B1 - 2000 mg
- Vitamin B2 - 1500 mg
- Vitamin B6 - 2000 mg
- Vitamin B12 - 2 mg
- Vitamin C - 55000 mg
- Vitamin D3 - 100.000 IU
- Vitamin E - 4700 mg
- Vitamin K - 510 mg
- Pantonate-D-Calcium- 5000 mg
- Folic acid - 480 mg
- Nicotinamide - 10000 mg
- Package volume: 50 ml
Average price: 7-9 €
- Vitamin A - 1 000 000 IU
- Vitamin B1 - 500 mg
- Vitamin B2 - 625 mg
- Vitamin B6 - 750 mg
- Vitamin B12 - 5 mg
- Vitamin C - 10000 mg
- Vitamin D3 - 10.000 IU
- Vitamin E - 500 mg
- Biotin - 7.5 mg
- Folic acid - 15 mg
- Nicotinamide - 2500 mg
- Choline - 2500 mg
- Myo-Inositol - 500 mg
Microelements and minerals:
- Lysine - 35 mg
- Calcium Lactate - 10000 mg
- Leucine - 35 mg
- Glutamate sodium - 2500 mg
- DL-methionine- 10 mg
As we see from the comparison of the compositions, Sera Fishtamin more concentrated, but note that the packaging volume JBL Actimol is many times more, and the composition is richer. Although it is a little more expensive.
Vitamins. Mode of application.
There are 4 different ways of delivering vitamins to fish, and they are used depending on different circumstances.
I will not write about dosages when adding vitamins to feed. They will be written in the instructions. Although the information there is quite vague. Written, drop 2-4 drops on feed before feeding. But it is not taken into account - neither how much food do you feed, nor how many fish do you have in the aquarium. And this is important in my opinion. Either drop a few drops for 10 fish, or for 100. A big difference.
Adding to dry food.
This is the easiest way. Just dripping on dry food right before feeding. Better to use cereal. They get soaked faster. And it is desirable to act quickly, because vitamins afraid of light.
Adding to the frozen food.
Dripping vitamins on the frozen food, and we leave in a dark place. The food is thawed and soaked with vitamins. We feed.
Adding vitamins to aquarium water.
Depending on the recommendations of the manufacturer, dripping vitamins directly into the aquarium. To maintain useful properties, do this in the evening, after turning off the light in the aquarium. Otherwise, vitamins will disintegrate and there will be no effect.
Vitamins in live brine shrimp for fry.
In order to saturate live artemia with vitamins, it is necessary half an hour before feeding, add vitamins to the incubator with artemia. Dim and wait 30 minutes. Then, rinse off the salt and feed the fry as usual.
If you additionally do not use vitamin supplements, then a disease with the name Avitaminosis may occur in the fish.
Avitaminosis is a disease that occurs due to a deficiency of one or more vitamins in a body. Symptoms can be very similar to other diseases. For example, lethargy, loss of appetite, rapid breathing.
Since the fish will be weakened by avitaminosis, it can become infected with other, more dangerous diseases, which will require additional costs.
Therefore, it is better not to be stingy and buy a bottle of concentrated vitamins. Moreover, it will be enough for a very long time, and your pets will be healthy and happy!
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