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Scalaria (Pterophyllum): Breeding at Home - It's Easy!

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Angelfish (lat. Pterophyllum, genus of the cichlid family, Cichlidae) - along with guppies, is a real mascot of home aquarium. And if guppy is a symbol for beginners, then scalar is already a more advanced level. In beauty, the abundance of shapes and colors, it is second only to the king of freshwater aquariums from the same family- Discus.

But then they have a huge amount of advantages compared with them and with the rest of the cichlids. Although the scalar and refers to the cichlid from South America, but it behaves somehow wrong. Scalar is absolutely not aggressive towards other fish. Well, it can only sometimes during spawning and that only to one’s own kind (video of our female’s aggression, for this link). And unlike other cichlids, the scalar absolutely does not spoil the plants and nothing destroys the aquarium, and from it at times less waste than from the same discus, for which even the soil is contraindicated. But in this article I will tell not about the content and behavior, but about his, repeatedly successful breeding experience,

and most importantly, the experience of raising fry of angelfish (scalare).

Angelfish. Signs of readiness for spawning and signs of difference between male and female.

Scalia itself chooses a partner and usually for life. To distinguish and understand which of them is who, in adult scalars can be quite easy. Here I usually determine these two characteristics.

This photo shows how to distinguish a female from a male!

Angelfish (scalare): differences between male and female.

The adult male has a large growth on the head, the forehead is straight so zhirnenky, and most importantly, the so-called whiskers of his branch, that is, they are divided to the lower part. In females, the forehead is elegant and the antennae are thin and even. On my photo all at once it is visible.

When the fish are ripe, determined with partners, and this will happen by the end of the first year of life, they will want to continue the race. And whether it is a common aquarium or a separate one, one day you will see spawn on a sheet or wall of a filter. And if you decide to get fry and grow, the leaf is just perfect, and we need to “withdraw” it from the parents. Angelfish, by themselves, caring parents, but during the long domestication, have already lost their skills a little and usually are not able to keep their eggs from the attempts of other inhabitants for more than two days.

Preparation of the incubator for the eggs of scalare.

Plastic box for scalare eggs.Breeding.

Here is my first incubator for a scalar from a plastic bottle.

To pick up the caviar, you need to prepare a separate small aquarium. The first time I successfully brought fry in a five-liter plastic bottle with a halogen bulb, as a heater (pictured). Perfectly fit and plastic container. (Video) or a small aquarium.


The image shows a female skalaria with caviar on the filter.A very important point is how to take a plant leaf with the caviar. Oxygen, it is a strong oxidizer, and it is impossible that the caviar would come into contact with it. Therefore, we take a large mug, for example, a liter mug. Under the water, gently, cut the plant leaf, and put it in a mug. Together with water we transfer leaf into a separate container with the same aquarium water. It is important that the temperature does not differ. Now, for example, using plastic clamps and an artificial bush we fix a leaf with caviar, so as not to pop up (see photo). We install an air diffuser, so that the bubbles do not touch the eggs. They will simulate the movement of water, which creates the parents' fins and enriches the eggs with oxygen. Turn the heater on and set it to 30 degrees. To protect eggs, I add Sera mycopur (link), 1 a drop for every 2 liters. I do not turn off the light in the ridge, although I know that some obscure. The first stage is passed. We wait.On this image is a leaf with caviar of a scalarium.

Angelfish. The appearance of larvae.

Every day we observe and with the help of a toothpick and, for example, tweezers we remove the dead eggs. They are white and well visible. Just shake it to the bottom with a toothpick or a modified tool from tweezers, toothpicks and clamps. After about a couple of days you will notice movement in the eggs, and barely noticeable flagella, similar to the tails. With the help of them, the larvae will adhere to all surfaces.Special tool for scalare eggs In order to avoid a jump in the chemical parameters in the ode we put hornwort, pestia or ricia (you can read here). They also have a "live dust", which will complement nutrition. Since the volume is small, make it a rule to change the water daily. Simply, passing by, scoop the mug and add as much. I pour from the desktop filter, diluting with warm water from the kettle, to equalize the temperature. After a while, the larvae will swim (video). When the fry swim, change the sprayer to a filter with a fine sponge.

Scalar. Feeding the fry.

Scalia, the first spawning.It's time to think about nutrition and start feeding. In the first days of their life, I always use Sera micron (reference). This is not only an excellent starter feed, but also an excellent environment for the development of “live dust”, an excellent nutritional supplement for fry. Just dissolve a pinch in a measuring spoon, and pour directly onto the fry. Manufacturer Sera also recommends adding special vitamins Sera fishtamin (link). Just drop into the feed and stir before feeding. Forget about all sorts of aquarium archaisms, such as feeding an egg yolk. Destroy the fry.The fries of the skalar are depicted in this photo.

I feed fry often. Every 3 hours, but a little bit.

Just do not bother to bring infusorians on banana crusts, etc. Firstly, it is not so simple, secondly the smell, and thirdly, without this you can easily do without.

But with the breeding of live brine shrimp, it's worth the trouble. Without it, raising a healthy fry will be either problematic or almost impossible. In fact, it's not so difficult to get it out. How to collect an incubator, where to buy eggs of brine shrimp and how to remove it, read a separate post. Since Artemia crabs remain alive in fresh water up to 8 hours, and practically do not spoil the water, the intervals between feeding can be significantly increased. To eat the leftovers, get a snail in the siphon ampularia. Believe me, it's much easier to clean up behind it than the remains of food.

The final part of the first stage.

Now routine begins. We feed and change water. We change and feed. And we enjoy the process.

Cheat sheet “What is needed.”

the photo shows young scullery related to the article: How to build a scalar at home!


1.Compressor with a spray.

2. Heater with a regulator at 30 degrees.

3.Sera Mycopur.

4.Sera micron.


6.Free time. (I even changed my schedule at work, so as not to miss the time feeding the fry.)



If something is missing from the above, it is better to leave the spawn with the parent until the next time!

To be continued.

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